Culloden Battlefield

When Queen Anne died in 1714 with no living children and the last monarch of the House of Stuart, she was to be succeeded by her second cousin George I of House of Hanover, a descendant of Stuarts through his maternal grandmother Elizabeth, daughter of James VI and I and a Protestant under the Act of Settlement in1701. Charles Edward Stuart, a catholic, wanted to overthrow the Hanover family in favour of his own. The two sides would meet at Culloden. On 16th of April 1746, Charles Edward Stuart and his Jacobite forces were defeated by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (third and youngest son of King George II) and his loyalist forces. The battle was over in less than an hour. Between 1,500 and 2, 000 Jacobites were killed or wounded, the loyalists lost 50 men and 300 men were wounded. Charles Edward Stuart did not try to overthrow the monarchy again. Under an Act of Parliament in 1746, the wearing of tartans was banned, and clans were dismantled.
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