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The Frank Gilruth Collection

Iconic Scotland

The Granite City

20th Century


Aberdeen is known as the Granite City. Many of the city's most well-known buildings are built from rocks that come from large quarries, the most famous was the Rubislaw Quarry in Aberdeen's west end. Aberdeen became the granite capital of the world by the end of the 19th century with the advances in technology that aided in the transport and carving of the rock, with more than 50 percent of the buildings coming from the Rubislaw Quarry. Portsmouth, Southampton, Waterloo Bridge in London and House of Parliament in London all used the granite from Rubislaw Quarry. The granite industry would decline after the mid-20th century as building started to use glass, steel and concrete for construction.

Dumfries Museum & Camera Obscura
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