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Roman

Ritual and religion

Altar to Minerva

Period:
Roman Period
Description:

Minerva was the Roman goddess of invention and intelligence. The altar was erected by the orderly room clerks of the Second Cohort of Tungrians by order of their commanding officer, Caius Silvius Auspex.

 

Birrnes Roman Fort

 

The remains of this fort are quite impressive when approached from the south, where its southern defences, arranged along the edge of a natural scarp above the river are now covered in gorse bushes. The remains of stone-built buildings are visible across the whole of the interior, all beneath an overlying blanket of turf, except at the south-east corner, where several courses of stonework are visible; these belong not to the fort's defences but to buildings in the retentura or rear of the camp, the corner-angle itself having been lost to erosion. The extensive ditch system and entrance causeway is especially prominent on the north, and a scatter of shaped stones on the west rampart marks the position of the gateway on this side.

 The only classical reference for the name of the Birrens encampment is contained in the Antonine Itinerary of the late-second century. Iter II, "the route from the 'Entrenchments' to the port of Rutupiae, four-hundred and eighty-one thousand paces", details the journey from Hadrian's Wall to Richborough in Kent. In this itinerary the name Blato bulgio appears as the northern terminus, some 12 Roman miles from Castra Exploratorum (Netherby, Cumbria), both stations lying beyond the Wall of Hadrian.


Materials/Media:
sandstone
Source:
Dumfries Museum & Camera Obscura
Accession number:
DUMFM:1950.53.1
Digital Number:
DMMO022a-c
Creation Date:
157 - 158 AD
Copyright:
Dumfries & Galloway Council


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