Dumfries seal impressions and seal matrix

A seal matrix was used to stamp a distinguishing mark onto molten wax as a means of representing identity, authority and status.  All the Town Council documents would be stamped with the official seal.   (left) Impression made by the bronze matrix in the 16th century.   (centre) Bronze seal matrix of Dumfries from the 1200s.  This is the earliest representation in existence of St Michael as the town's patron saint.   (right) Impression made by the original matrix in the 1970s.
Object no :
Creator :
Place of Production :
Dimensions :
diameter 69mm
Materials :
metal, bronze
Location :
Related site :
Accession number :
DUMFM:1956.2; DUMFM:1950.5; DUMFM:0206.5
Copyright :
Dumfries & Galloway Council
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