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The Neolithic

Domestic & Farming

Stone axehead, Kelton Mains, Kelton

Period:
Neolithic
Description:

Narrow fine grained, whitish grey polished stone axehead. Found in the field below the Road at Kelton Mains, January 1864.

 

Stone axeheads were surprisingly efficient. Fitted to a shaft of wood, antler or bone they could be used to remove the bark and phloem, which carried the nutrients of a tree, and in time it died. Large areas of forest could also be cleared by felling. Experiments in Denmark have revealed that this type of axe was most effective if swung from the elbow with short, sharp cuts. In this way three men cleared 500 square metres of silver birch forest in four hours, felling over a hundred trees!

Materials/Media:
stone
Dimensions:
L 175mm, B 35mm, W 57mm
Source:
Dumfries Museum & Camera Obscura
Accession number:
DUMFM:1934.27
Digital Number:
RPD0035a
Copyright:
Dumfries & Galloway Council