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The Roman Army

Roman Camp, Wardlaw

Roman Period

A 3 hectare  Roman camp, probably housing two cohorts, around 1600 men. It could be Flavian (and related to the invasion of Scotland by Agricola in 79AD), but is more probably Antonine from the second quarter of the 2nd century AD, with tutulli (small straight ditches cut across and in front of a gateway to block direct assault) outside the gates - including four on the northern side.

Aerial observation in 1976 has shown that this fort is linked to the native fort to its south (now covered in trees) by a ditch system broken by a titulum-type entrance.  This suggests that the hill fort was incorporated as a defensive feature for a brief period, perhaps during Agricola's invasion.