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Dean Castle Arms and Armour


Cinquedea 2

16th Century

The cinquedea is a civilian short sword that was so called due to its characteristic broad-based blade that measures around 5 fingers, or in Italian, 'cinque diti', wide. This cinquedea was produced in North Italy, which held a high reputation for producing and exporting armoury and weaponry during the late Middle Ages. As well as their broad blades, cinquedeas were also characterised by their small pommel and drooping crossguard. They were a fashionable item for gentlemen to wear as accessories in the Italian city states during their period of popularity during the Italian Renaissance.


A cinquedea's wide blade was often used for inscriptions, however, this example is simple and unadorned. The hilt is composed of ivory and gilded metal, with an inlay around the edge of the hilt inscribed with 'DEUS FORTITUDUS VIRTUS SUPER OMNI', translating roughly as 'Strength and power above all'.

Place of Production:
North Italian
L: 635mm
Dean Castle
Digital Number:
East Ayrshire Council

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